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Here you can read a little about the Xoloitzcuintle


Xoloitzcuintle (pronounced: Sho-lo-itz-quint-le) is a relatively unknown and rare breed... and that's a shame, because it's an absolutely gorgeous dog, with a lot of good qualities, which fit excellently to the needs and wishes of the modern human being.
(Read more about Xolos and allergy further down)
The breed unites the exotic with the elegant. Health, mental clearness and high intelligence makes the Xolo what it is - a fantastic and exciting experience!!


The Xolo is one of the oldest breeds in the world. Proof of their early existence has been found in the ruins and excavations of the pre-Colombian society in Mexico, South- and Central America and can be dated back to about 1500 BC. Grave finds, statues, clay figures, pictures and balmed dogs have been restored from the old cultures that were prevalent in the area: Aztec, Maya, Inka, Toltecs and Zapotec.

The Xolos were in the different cultures used for a lot of purposes: food, sacrificial animal, pet-dogs and family-dogs, hunt, guard dogs and for curing almost any illness as they were believed to have healing abilities (a Xolo was simply put in the bed with the sick person).
The Xolos have also been used as "hot-water bottles" in the cold nights. They are perfectly suited for this purpose, as they due to the lacking coat very easily give off body heat to their surroundings. It's obvious, that dogs used as "hot-water bottles" to sick, old and children must have a very high tolerance towards humans. And the Xolos are still like that today - they prefer to be as close as possible to their owner... and as much as possible.
Yours truly can confirm that they have a soothing effect on rheumatic pains - for the same reason as a hot compress :-)


The Xolos followed their owner even into the next life. Many Xolos were buried with their owner, when the owner died. The aztecs believed the dogs would help the deceased into the next world.
The word Xoloitzcuintle is composed of the Nahuatl word for "dog" and the name of the Mayan god Xoloth.
It can also be translated as “Son of Xoloth” (different sources of information say one or the other – or both – are the correct understanding of the name for the breed).
The Xolo is strongly attached to Mexican culture, both historically and present day. The breed is probably best known outside Mexico from the many paintings and self-portraits made by Mexican Artist Frida Kahlo. On many occasions she placed her own beloved Xolos in her paintings, immortalizing them in her art. There are also numerous photos of Frida Kahlo and her Xolos.
De Mexican business-woman Dolores Olmedo turned in 1994 a property she had bought in the 60’s into a museum for Mexican pre-Hispanic art and culture. This is also a museum for modern Mexican folk art and it also holds the world’s biggest collection of Frida Kahlo’s paintings. In the museums garden lives a small pack of Xolos.


Due to its hairlessness a Xoloitzcuintle is nice and warm to touch. Many people believe, that Xolos have a constant higher body temperature than other "normal" dogs - but this is not true. A Xolo has mostly the same temperature as any other dog.
They manage surprisingly well in cold weather. The problem is not snow or frost, but more rain and wind - in this kind of weather they have to wear some clothes when they are outdoors. But generally you could say, that during the winter months a Xolo is an "indoor-dog".

The Xolos skin has the same ability to produce pigment as our own skin. This means, that very light-colored Xolos will need sun-lotion the first times they are exposed to strong sunlight in the spring and beginning of the summer, otherwise they will get sunburnt just like we do. After a period of sun exposure they will produce pigment - become "sun-tanned" - and their skin will be protected against the sun. (Dogs with clear white spots may need sun-lotion on these spots if they fx have to go to the beach for a whole day - even if they have been exposed to sun earlier in the year). Therefore the color of a Xolo changes through the year depending on how much sun it's exposed to. 
But it is a general misunderstanding that all Xolos need sun-lotion every time they go out in the sun. Darker and grey Xolos does not need protection from the Sun. Not in the form of sun blocker or sun-lotion anyway. If the skin gets a little dry, you can use a good organic oil or lotion, but sun-lotion and sun blockers is not needed on darker Xolos. Only the very light and white spotted Xolos need help in the sun.


A Xolo is a very devoted dog and does not like to be apart from its owner too long at a time. You can teach a Xolo to be alone at home while you're at work, but you don't leave a Xolo in a boarding kennel or with people it doesn't know while you're on vacation!

A Xoloitzcuintle binds itself to one person (and mostly it's for life) - but they are very devoted and loving towards everyone who lives under the same roof as their "master" and themselves.
They are very good with children, as they are not easily scared by childrens sudden loud noises and big gestures.

The size of the Xolos varies from very small Chihuahua-sizes to Doberman. 
According to FCI's standard they are divided into 3 size categories - an adult Xolo on a show must be between 25 and 60 cm to the shoulder. Individuals with a very excellent exterior can be accepted up to 62 cm. More information about sizes - see the standard here!

That the breed is very rare is not a secret - worldwide there is supposed to be around 4-5.000 Xolos. Therefore the breed is not even common in Mexico despite the fact that it's one of Mexico’s national symbols and the national breed. 
Members of the Federacion Canofila Mexicana started a thorough breedingprogram and registrationwork the 1st of may 1956. Before this date the Xolo was almost an extinct breed.


Not all Xolos are born without hair. A few puppies are born fully coated. Their coat can have many different colors and lengths. All colors and types of coat are permitted for the coated variation. But the coated is only allowed to be used in breeding if mated to a correct hairless. Mating coated to coated will breed out the gene that makes the Xolo hairless.
The hairless Xolo can have some hair on the top of the head, tail and feet. This is acceptable and does not mean that the dog is not a correct hairless Xolo. But some Xolos are born almost completely hairless all over.
The hairless Xolos often lack some of their teeth. This is due to the same gene that causes the hairlessness and is not an illness or defect in the dog. Lack of teeth is not considered a fault in the show ring.
Xolos are very strong dogs. They don't suffer from many of the same weaknesses as the "manipulated" breeds suffer from.
They can have a small problem with dry skin. And some Xolos can have problems with acne – especially if they are not feed good high quality food.
Not much grooming is required, but keep the skin clean with a regular bath. And if needed, treat the dry areas with some good organic lotion or oil.

The hairless Xoloitzcuintle is an extremely interesting possibility to the dog-lover who suffers from asthma or allergy.  A hairless Xolo doesn't shed (for obvious reasons), it never gets flees and it is extremely cleanly!
If you have allergy, se this: Happiness is a Xolo!

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